Forex Terminologies

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Market capitalisation is an easy way for investors to determine a company’s size, which can help to assess the risk of investing in its shares. Margin trading is a way of speculating on financial markets that involves amplifying your exposure using leverage. Leverage is a facility that enables you to open a position on a market without needing to put up the total value of your position. When used in trading, long refers to a position that makes profit if an asset’s market price increases.


Representing a specific type of trader, anyone who is classified as a speculator is willing to take big risks while trading. The hope is that by embracing increasing levels of risk, the eventual profit return will be high. “Slippage” is a term used to describe when a trader executes a trade that goes through at a higher price than initially expected. This tends to occur during times of high volatility, when investors make use of stop-loss orders and market orders. Opposite of a long position, this involves taking a position that benefits from a currency’s decline in market price. When the base currency within the pair is eventually sold, then the position is assumed to be short.

Close Position – a transaction that once made leads to the closure of the position that was open. CFD – refers to the transactions of any product in shares excluding their actual delivery. Bull – refers to someone who has belief that the position or the market will rise. Bear – refers to someone who believes that the position or the market will go down. The same point of view applies when it comes to Social Forex Trading.

price movements

It will likely increase if the company is perceived to be doing well, or fall if the company isn’t meeting expectations. Share buyback, or share repurchase, is when a company buys back its own shares from investors. It can be seen as an alternative, tax-efficient way to return money to shareholders. Once shares are repurchased they are considered cancelled, but they can be kept for redistribution in the future. In trading, risks are the ways in which an investment can end up losing you money.

How to Start Forex Trading

This data provides a look into consumer spending behavior, which is a key determinant of growth in all major economies. ORDER BOOK – A system used to show market depth of traders willing to buy and sell at prices beyond the best available. MEDLEY REPORT – Refers to Medley Global Advisors, a market consultancy that maintains close contacts with central bank and government officials around the world. Their reports can frequently move the currency market as they purport to have inside information from policy makers.

technical analysis

Usually used in context as ‘taking a long position’, or ‘going long’. Indices trading is the means by which traders attempt to make a profit from the price movements of indices. High frequency trading is a form of advanced trading platform that processes a high numbers of trades very quickly using powerful computing technology. It can be used to either find the best price for a single large order, or to find opportunities for profit in the market in real time. In trading, the term ‘handle’ has two meanings, depending on which market you are referring to.


Buying order above the existing market price or a selling order beneath the market price. We use a Stop entry order when we believe there is going to be a price movement in a clear, specific direction . Go Short or Carry on selling is done when you expect a decrease in value . In the example above, buying dollars by selling euros, hoping the dollar will go up soon.

Opposite of a short position, any investor who takes a long position buys a base currency with a view to profiting on a market price increase. Similar to a daily chart, a forex chart is a digital chart that highlights points and price movements related to a currency pair. Forex charts can usually be extended to cover days, weeks, months, and even years. Currency futures are contracts that state the price that a currency can be sold or bought for at a predetermined future date. The opposite of a bull market, the term “bear market” is used to describe the price of an asset, currency, or security that is in decline. “Bear market” can also be shortened to simply “bear”, while the term “bearish” is also used to describe the state of the forex market when it’s in decline.

M2 definition management practices usually take on the form of related strategies and tools that work to limit the financial risk as much as possible. Intervention relates to actions committed by a nation’s central bank as a means to affect the value of its currency. This usually constitutes a direct entering of the market, which can then increase the level of control that nation has over the currency exchange rate.

Because of this, most retail will automatically «roll over» their currency positions at 5 p.m. Stop loss simply eliminates the chance for extra losses beyond a certain price level. In fact, it is a selling order which will take place as soon as the price meets this level. It is extremely important for traders who are not sitting in front of their computers all the time because the forex market is very volatile. For instance, if you are selling a pair and the price goes up, the trade will close when it reaches the stop loss level and vice versa.

Online or discount ages emerged at the turn of the millennium. Over the past decade, algorithmic trading and robo-advisories started to disrupt the market. Regardless of the brokerage, it all begins with a brokerage account.

Forex Trading in Guyana • Forex Strategy • Benzinga – Benzinga

Forex Trading in Guyana • Forex Strategy • Benzinga.

Posted: Tue, 10 Jan 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

GOING LONG – The purchase of a stock, commodity or currency for investment or speculation – with the expectation of the price increasing. FUTURE – An agreement between two parties to execute a transaction at a specified time in the future when the price is agreed in the present. FOMC MINUTES – Written records of FOMC policy-setting meetings are released three weeks following a meeting. The minutes provide more insight into the FOMC’s deliberations and can generate significant market reactions.

Bid – The price at which the market maker/broker is willing to buy the currency pair. Cross hedging in trading is a hedging strategy using two positively correlated assets. Traders must distinguish between the “what is cross hedging” definition and the difference between cross hedging, beta, and delta hedging. Spread – The spread consists of the difference between the bid or purchase price and the offer or sale price provided by a market maker.

Ask price – Best price offered by the broker in order to buy Bases in return for a Quote. Also known as percentage in points or price interest points, it is the minimum price move, equivalent to four decimal points, made in the currency market. I have interest on starting forex business, i am not too strong on it so i decided to take some course online. On the basic side, your course has lead me into some strong understanding.

Here are 25 common terminologies that you must know before you start trading Forex; otherwise, you risk continuing to be a mediocre trader. Moreover, some financial/Forex papers, such as audit reports, are often text-based, despite the fact that financial translations are frequently mostly number-based. These documents often follow a certain tone of voice and may need to be presented to international stakeholders. To get the most objective and practical perspective on the Forex market, it is advisable for linguists to sign up for an account on the Forex platform that they are going to translate.

#8 Pip

Bid Price – The bid is the price at which the market will buy a specific currency pair from you. Thus, at the bid price, a trader can sell the base currency to their broker. Each time you enter into a trade, you have the pay transaction costs for that trade.

trading account

Due to the nature of leverage, Forex providers like MXT Global have strict leverage restrictions in place to assist traders in minimising risk. This is obviously exchanging money on a larger scale than going to a bank to exchange $500 to take on a trip. For example, you can trade seven micro lots or three mini lots , or 75 standard lots . None of the blogs or other sources of information is to be considered as constituting a track record.

UNREALIZED GAIN/LOSS – The theoretical gain or loss on open positions valued at current market rates, as determined by the broker in its sole discretion. Unrealized gains/losses become profits/losses when the position is closed. BIS – The Bank for International Settlements located in Basel, Switzerland, is the central bank for central banks. The BIS frequently acts as the market intermediary between national central banks and the market. The BIS has become increasingly active as central banks have increased their currency reserve management.

The foreign exchange market refers to the global marketplace where banks, institutions and investors trade and speculate on national currencies. Forex is short for foreign exchange – the transaction of changing one currency into another currency. This process can be performed for a variety of reasons including commercial, tourism and to enable international trade. Forex, Crypto, Options, and Binary Options have both large potential rewards and large potential risks.

While most brokers don’t charge commissions and fees on placing trades nowadays, the bid/ask spread remains the main cost to Forex traders. When bulls buy at the ask price , their position is immediately in a loss that equals the bid/ask spread. Even though currencies are traded on the Forex market, we’re not able to buy or sell single currencies. Each time we place a trade in the market, we have to trade on currency pairs. Currency pairs consist of two currencies – the first one is the base currency and the second one the counter-currency.

As a result, the Forex market is known for enormously high leverage ratios offered by retail brokers. Leverage is the ratio that states the amount of loan, mostly called “margin,” that traders can use to access more significant amounts of trading capital. Leverage should be wisely used as it can increase profits and losses.

However, it is vital to remember that trading is risky, and you should never invest more capital than you can afford to lose. The value of a currency pair is influenced by trade flows, economic, political and geopolitical events which affect the supply and demand of forex. This creates daily volatility that may offer a forex trader new opportunities. Online trading platforms provided by global brokers like FXTM mean you can buy and sell currencies from your phone, laptop, tablet or PC. Thus, in the above example, the difference in the seller’s rate and Davids’s buying rate is the spread. In forex trading, the bid price is termed as the rate, which a dealer is willing to pay for a currency.

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